Q: What is quarantine?
Quarantine is a state, period, or place of isolation in which people or animals that have arrived from elsewhere or been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed. Animals that are involved in bite incidents or other potential rabies exposure incidents are required to be quarantined pursuant to Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 3701-3-29.
Q: Why do I need to quarantine my animal?
A: The Ohio Administrative Code Section 3701-1-29 requires that any animal involved in a bite must be quarantined for a minimum of 10 days. Animals are quarantined in order to ensure that they are kept away from other animals and people until it can be determined that they are not infected with the rabies virus.
Q: Why is the quarantine period typically 10 days?
A: The quarantine period is 10 days because animals that are rabid usually die within 1 to 7 days of when they start showing symptoms.
Q: What am I not allowed to do during the quarantine period?
A: During the quarantine period the animal can’t be given away, the animal can’t be killed, and the animal can’t be relocated outside of the county it resided in when it bit. An animal will not be allowed to be released from quarantine until it has been proven that the animal is currently vaccinated against rabies.
Q: Do I have to quarantine my animal at home?
A: No, you can make arrangements to have your animal quarantined at a facility like the Warren County Animal Shelter as long as the facility is not outside of the county where the animal normally resides.
Q: What is rabies?
A: Rabies is an infectious viral disease that is transmitted to humans through bites, scratches, or via the saliva of infected domestic or wild animals. The rabies virus infects the nervous system in mammals and causes aggression (biting for no reason), excessive salivation, and eating abnormal items.
Q:What are the Signs and Symptoms of Rabies?
A: The initial symptoms of infection with the rabies virus may be very similar to the flu and last for days. Later signs and symptoms of infection may include, but are not limited to: fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, agitation, anxiety, confusion, hyperactivity, difficulty swallowing, excessive salivation, fear of water, and hallucinations.
Q: What happens if my animal starts exhibiting signs of rabies?
A: Contact the Warren County Combined Health District (513-695-1220) and your veterinarian immediately. If the animal must be taken to the shelter please inform them that the animal is currently under quarantine by the Warren County Combined Health District.
Q: If I decide to have my animal euthanized or it dies within the quarantine period what happens?
A: The euthanized or deceased animal is prepared and shipped to the Ohio Department of Health Laboratory for testing. Once testing results are obtained the health district will notify the affected parties.
Q: What are my Responsibilities as an Animal Owner?
A: If you own an animal capable of transmitting rabies you are responsible for ensuring that it is up to date on its rabies vaccinations. If your animal or another non-human mammal bites a human a report must be made to the health commissioner of the local health district where the bite occurred. The report can made by any health care provider, licensed veterinarian with knowledge of the bite, or by the individual bitten. Animal owners should also take steps to make sure that their animals are unable to freely leave properties to reduce the potential for animal bites. The animal owner or harborer is responsible for expense incurred for quarantining the animal. Animals may be quarantined at the residence of the owner/harborer, a pound, or a kennel.